Banana fruit is rich in potassium, fiber, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, choline and vitamin C but Banana nutrition facts list is given below for more details and values of banana nutrients. Musa is the scientific name of banana, the seedless edible bananas almost comes from the two wild species namely Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana and belongs to the family musaceae. Plantians also belongs to musaceae family and these are mostly used in cooking, plantians are less sweet and more starchy with thicker skin. Banana plants grow from 10 to 25 feet high and often mistaken for trees, while banana plant stem is not woody. In some regions banana stem and leaves are also used in cooking.
It is believed that bananas originated from the Southeast Asia, but at present bananas are cultivated in more than 100 countries and are grown in warmer places of the world.
Banana Nutrition Facts:
NOTE: The following nutrition data is for 100 gram of raw bananas
There are approximately 89 calories in a medium sized banana (100 g in weight), which comes mostly from the carbohydrates present in banana.
Water 73 to 75%,
Carbohydrates 22.6 to 22.8 g,
Sugar 12 to 12.2 g,
Protein 1.1 g,
Fiber 2.6 g,
Fat 0.3 g.
Banana Minerals :
Potassium 358 mg,
Magnesium 27 mg,
Calcium 5 mg,
Sodium 1 mg,
Manganese 0.27 mg,
Iron 0.26 mg,
Zinc 0.15 mg,
Copper 0.08 mg,
Choline 9.8 mg,
Vitamin C 8.7 mg,
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.67 mg,
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.37 mg,
Vitamin B5 0.33 mg,
Vitamin E 0.1 mg,
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.07 mg,
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) 0.03 mg,
Folate 20 µg,
Vitamin K 0.5 µg.
Banana Amino Acids:
Saturated fatty acids 0.11 g,
Monounsaturated fatty acids 0.03 g,
Polyunsaturated fatty acids 0.07g,
Sterols (phytosterols) 16 mg.
Other Plant Compounds and Antioxidants banana contain:
Health Benefits of Banana:
Heart Health and Blood Pressure:
Banana is a rich source of potassium, 358 mg of potassium in banana (per 100 grams) is responsible for overall good health of heart, which helps controlling heart rate and also normalize blood pressure by retaliating the harmful effects of sodium. Flavonoid a type of antioxidant found in banana is responsible for lowering the risk of heart disease.
Nerve Inflammation and Anemia:
Approximately 28% of Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine) of the everyday consumption allowance is found in banana which play a good role in curing of neuritis (a condition which causes nerve inflammation with pain) and anemia.
Digestive System problems:
It is known that banana contains a good amount of dietary fiber, especially when banana is not fully ripe. Unripe banana is a great source of resistant starch and pectin (types of dietary fiber) which in the body improve the digestive system, help smoothing the bowl movement and lowering constipation problems.
Bananas For Insomnia Treatment:
Banana contains about 358 mg of potassium, 27 mg of Magnesium.Magnesium in banana help you sleep faster and also helps sleep longer. Eating magnesium rich food at night relax muscles and lower brain temperature thus reducing night cramps. Along with magnesium potassium works to promote good sleep by normalizing blood pressure and aiding digestive system.