How to Enable and Administratively Shutdown a Cisco Router Interface–(Cisco CCNA Lab Using Cisco Packet Tracer)

Enabling and Disabling cisco router interfaces

As a network administrator it is an everyday task to enable certain router interfaces and disable other for security measures, troubleshooting or testing network connectivity. In this quick tutorial i will show you the commands for enabling Cisco router interface and the command for administratively shutting down an interface of Cisco router.

Enabling a Cisco Router Interface:

You might be asking this question “why we need to enable an interface it should be working right after proper configuration”, but the fact is that Cisco devices  does not automatically enable any interface unless they are given the command by network administrator. So by default all the network interfaces of a Cisco router are administratively down, when an interface is properly configured it should be enabled in order to perform its function. Although it is not required for this lab but it is a good practice to configure console password on your router, rather i recommend Cisco enable secret password.

Command for Enabling Cisco Router Interface:

As it’s an interface configuration command therefore you should be in the interface configuration mode of that specific interface which you want to enable.

UpaaeRouter1# configure terminal       // if you are in enable mode go to global configuration mode

UpaaeRouter1(config)# interface serial  0/0  // we are enabling serial interface 0 in module 0.

UpaaeRouter1(config-if)# no shutdown

upaaeRouter1(config-if)# end

Validate if a Router Interface is Enabled:

UpaaeRouter1 #  show ip interface brief


Students preparing for Cisco CCNA exam should remember enabling an interface after configuring it, as configuring and interface is not enough to get it working you must have to enable it by executing “no shutdown” command

Recommended Reads:

How to Assign IP Address to Router Interface
How to Configure Serial Interface on Cisco Router
How To Disable Line Interface Passwords on Cisco Routers
How To Set Enable Secret Cisco Password on Cisco Router/Switch.


How to Administratively Shutdown an Interface:

By default all the interfaces of a Cisco router are in administratively shutdown state, even after configuring an interface it needs enabling. Administratively shutting down an interface is very useful command and it comes in handy when a network engineer want to remove a specific route from the routing table but keep all the configuration unaltered. Sometime for security reasons it is needed to disable sending and receiving data through a certain interface which is achieved by administratively shutting down that specific interface and saves us from all the trouble of removing cables etc. You can always enable Cisco router interface when you want.

Command for Administratively Shutting Down Router Interface:

For executing this command you need to be in interface configuration mode.

UpaaeRouter1# configure terminal                // go to global configuration mode from enable mode

UpaaeRouter1(config)# interface serial 0/0  // we want to shutdown serial interface 0 in module 0

UpaaeRouter1(config-if)#  shutdown

UpaaeRouter1(config-if)# end

Validate if Serial 0/0 interface  is in Shut Down State:

UpaaeRouter1# show ip interface brief

UpaaeRouter1# show interface serial  0/0    // this command will show you the details of serial 0/0 interface
Recommended Resources for CCNA Exam:

Following are the resources which every Cisco Networking student should be equipped with, these will not only guarantee passing Cisco Exams, but will help you understand every pitfall and minor details of Cisco networking.

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