Lemon belongs to the Rutaceae family of Citrus Genus , in which also lies Orange, tangerine, grapefruit and pomelo. Lemon scientific name is Citrus Limon. Lime is the immediate relative to lemon but are usually small in size with thin rind/peel. Lemon is small in size related to other citrus fruits like oranges and grapefruit. Due to the numerous uses of lemon it is a must have kitchen item in this modern world.
It is believed that lemon is originated in Himalayan foothills of North-East India and then spread across the world from here. Lemon and lime are closely related but lime is small in size than lemon and with a thin skin/rend. In the present time lemon is found all over the world and is highly used compared to other fruits. Lemon tree grow from 8 to 12 feet with sharp thorns grown on its stem and branches.
100 grams of raw lemon without peel contains
Vitamin C 53 mg,
Vitamin A 1 µg,
Vitamin E 0.15 mg,
Vitamin B1(Thiamine) 0.04 mg,
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) 0.02mg,
Vitamin B3 (Niacin) 0.1 mg,
Vitamin B5 (Panthothenic acid) 0.19 mg,
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine) 0.08 mg,
Folate 11 µg,
Choline 5.1 mg .
Potassium 138 mg,
Calcium 26 mg,
Phosphorus 16 mg,
Magnesium 8 mg,
Sodium 2 mg,
Iron 0.6 mg,
Zinc 0.06 mg,
Copper 0.04 mg,
Manganese 0.03 mg,
Selenium 0.4 µg .
Carbohydrates and Fiber:
Only 10% of carbohydrates are contained in lemons which are simple sugars (glucose, fructose and sucrose). Pectin is the main fiber found in lemon.
Plant compounds found in the rind of lemon are :
ʏ – Terpinene 9.66%,
β – Pinene 5.2%,
ρ – Cymene 3.29%,
β – Bisabolene 3.61%,
α – Pinene 0.62%,
Uses of Lemon:
Lemon is the most consumed one among all the fruits. Here are some uses and benefits of lemon water but not limited to, Lemon juice is commonly used for weight loss, body toxin removal, Breath freshener, digestion booster, improves heart health, brain and nerve function, immunity booster, inflammation reducer, energy booster, caffeine stabilizer, and anti-infectious.
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Lemon Essential Oil:
A part from the benefits of lemon fruit (juice of lemon) the oil from the rind of lemon has also vast number of therapeutic properties. Lemon essential oil is extracted from the rind/skin of lemon by either cold press or steam distillation. Lemon oil is volatile in nature and provides a quick relief by topical application or inhalation. Although lemon essential has great therapeutic properties but should be used with caution, as it is highly concentrated and may cause photo-toxic effects or skin irritation on sensitive skin.
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